How to have a MONUMENTAL day at the National Mall

Approximately a 5 minute read

Get it? Because there are so many monuments? I’m here all night, folks. Anyway, the best thing to do in Washington, D.C. is to check out the National Mall. It is filled with iconic monuments and museums. The best part? It’s all free. That’s right! Those who make the journey to our nation’s capital are rewarded with lots of amazing sights celebrating the foundation of our country, open to the public free of charge. Oh, and no, it’s not a shopping mall. Sites highlighted in photos will be in bold.

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Get ready for walking.

The mall is an approximately 2 mile long rectangle anchored by the Lincoln Memorial on the west end and the U.S. Capitol building on the east end. In the center is the eye-catching, tall Washington Monument. To go to the top, get a ticket in advance. Note: The Washington Monument is currently closed for renovation through 2018.

Map via WikiCommons

Getting there:

The best Metro stops to utilize are Federal Triangle or Smithsonian. These will let you out near the center. If you choose to check out museums, you’ll go east, if you want to walk in the lawns or gardens you’ll go west.

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East: Museums (and Capitol building)

One of the most popular museums is the inspiring Smithsonian Air and Space Museum (above), and for good reason. A wide variety of historic aircraft reside here including The Spirit of St. Louis and the Space Shuttle Discovery.

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The National Museum of African American History and Culture, near the Washington Monument, was under construction when I visited in March 2016. It has now been open for several months and has already welcomed over 1 million visitors. It is the newest museum to open on the Mall and is in high demand. As such, entry is still free but tickets need to be requested and downloaded ahead of time. More information can be found at their website.

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Other free Smithsonian Institute museums located on the Mall include the American History Museum, the American Art Museum, the American Indian Museum (above), the Natural History Museum, and more. The complete list can be found here. The Newseum, not a Smithsonian and not free, is nonetheless extremely highly recommended by everyone I know who has gone.

The U.S. Capitol building is also at this end of the Mall but every time I’ve been to D.C. it is covered in scaffolding so I don’t have any great photos for you. Fair warning to look out for scaffolding if you’re in town 😉

West: Important Figure and War Memorials

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On the west side of the Washington Monument is the reflecting pool and a much more open lawn area. Closer to the impossible-to-miss Lincoln Memorial are the Vietnam War Memorial (on the north) and the Korean War Memorial (on the south). These two are fairly busy since the wars are more recent in our collective memory. You will see relatives and friends leaving trinkets and memories behind. It is a very sobering experience. If you poke around you will find other, smaller, statues and plaques peppered through the parks.

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One of the newest additions to this area is the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial. It is a very impressive sight to behold, celebrating the U.S.’s most influential Civil Rights leader. From the King Memorial you can see across the tidal basin to the Jefferson Memorial, which has a beautiful setting and a nice architectural appeal. On a nice day it would be easy (but kind of far—it’s 22 on the map at the top of this post) to walk over, but on a cold or rainy day you can always take a taxi or an Uber like I did.

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For food: You can eat at somewhat pricey museum cafes, or go a few blocks off the Mall to find some restaurants. Planning ahead or using a smartphone will be helpful for this, and eat early or late to avoid the lunchtime rush because lots of government employees do actually work around this area. You’ll find food trucks scattered around, or you could bring a picnic with you. There are lots of nice places to relax and rest between museums or memorials.

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Viewing everything in one day wouldn’t be my recommendation, because it is a lot of slow-paced walking and standing which can cause leg aches. Everyone’s stamina is different, but it’s easy to get burned out, and then the sightseeing becomes a chore instead of a joy. Additionally, the museums go very in-depth so allow for plenty of time especially if there is one area you are particularly interested in.

To not get burned out, my tip is to make two half-day excursions and contrast the other half-day with something really different like exploring a funky neighborhood (like Adams Morgan or Old Town Alexandria) or take in a concert or play.

D.C. locals or aficionados, please check in! What is your favorite site to see on the National Mall!

Map via WikiCommons. Air and Space Museum photo by Sean Silverthorne on flickr. All other photos by Staci and Doug Jackson for The Voyageer. 


Staci blogs about travel at


15 Responses

  1. Looking forward to another visit. I think a lot of these are new from the last time I visited (2007). You are SO right about the walking and standing. It’s definitely good to pace oneself, take breaks and be leisurely so you can enjoy it. Thanks for this!

    • Definitely crucial to have on good shoes! The MLK memorial and a couple of the museums are probably new since 2007 🙂

      • Exactly. My first visit was in 1995, and after I left the Korean Warm Memorial and FDR memorials went up, I think. And I thought “Well, now I need to go back.” I went back in 2007, and then they built the new memorials, and I said “Well, now I need to go back.” haha! history repeating itself.

  2. I’m from the D.C. area and love how the Mall covers so many great monuments and museums – the map you included is helpful because I didn’t even realize how much was there till a few years ago. My favorites are the WWII Memorial and the Museum of Natural History – I catch one of the Smithsonian IMAX movies every time I’m there. I’m going to register for tickets to the African American Museum so I can visit when I’m home! Great post. 🙂

    • Thanks for stopping by! When I was there last March, the US History Museum had a little “sneak peek” exhibit of items that were going to go into the African American Museum once it was completed. I could tell it’s going to be a great collection. Let me know how it is!

  3. I have only been to DC for work so haven’t really had time to explore like I really want to. This is a great summary for when I have free time there. I love you idea of splitting it into two days. Also, I have so much respect for MLK so I really want to see that monument. Thanks for sharing on #TheWeeklyPostcard.

  4. There is so much to do in Washington DC I’m not sure where I would start with deciding what to do so pinned your post for future reference! The Smithsonian would be a must and I’ve heard great things about the African American Museum. I love your tip to do a half day at a place and then combine it with somewhere else in the afternoon -avoids overload! #TheWeeklyPostcard

    • Thanks for stopping by! Yeah, if anyone ever asks me, I’ll recommend 2 half days at the National Mall over one whole day 🙂

  5. Washington DC and its famous National Mall is one of those places everybody should see. Great history lessons there. #TheWeeklyPostcard

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